NASA has announced the equipment that the new Mars 2020 Rover will take to the red planet.
The rover will have a primary mission of analyzing the Martian surface as well as atmosphere. This data is crucial for planning the eventual human missions to Mars. The rover will be equipped with multiple systems that will study minerals, the atmosphere, and geologic processes.
The rover's design and engineering will be accelerated because it will build off of work already completed for the Mars Curiosity Rover. The launch systems and the landing systems will be the same, which reduces the development cost of the mission considerably. It is estimated the mission will cost about $1.2 billion give or take $200 million.
There are two launch windows for the project that are optimal for a Mars intercept. The first is in the spring of 2018 and the second in in the summer of 2020.